Solar Train Market

Solar Train Market Size, Share, Trends, Growth, and Industry Analysis, By Propel Type (Battery Operated, Hydrogen, Electro Diesel, Solar, CNG, LNG), By Application (Freight, Passenger), By Battery Technology (Conventional Lead-Acid, Sinter PNE, Fiber PNE, Gel Tubular, Valve Regulated Lead-Acid (VRLA), Pocket Plate, Lithium-Ion), By Operational Speed (Below 100 km/h, 100-200 km/h, above 200 km/h), Regional Analysis and Forecast 2032.

Energy & Power | April 2024 | Report ID: EMR00807 | Pages: 254

Global Solar Train market size was USD 1.80 billion in 2023 and the market is projected to touch USD 3.48 billion by 2032, at a CAGR of 7.6% during the forecast period.


The global solar train market refers to creating, running, and taking care of trains that run on solar power. These trains have solar panels on their roofs that collect sunlight and turn it into electricity to power the train's engines and other functions. This new way of transportation brings many advantages, such as less dependence on fossil fuels, cheaper operating expenses, and a smaller environmental footprint compared to regular diesel or electric trains.

The global solar train market has seen a big increase in recent years as people become more worried about climate change and look for sustainable transportation options. Governments and businesses globally are putting money into solar train technology to cut down on carbon emissions and move towards cleaner energy sources. Better solar panels and energy storage systems have also made solar trains more efficient and affordable, helping the market grow even more. The global solar train market is likely to witness promising growth in the sustainable transportation sector, with ongoing efforts to improve performance and scalability through research and development.


Global Solar Train report scope and segmentation.

Report Attribute


Estimated Market Value (2023)

USD 1.80 Billion

Projected Market Value (2032)

USD 3.48 Billion

Base Year


Forecast Years

2024 – 2032

Scope of the Report

Historical and Forecast Trends, Industry Drivers and Constraints, Historical and Forecast Market Analysis by Segment- Based on By Propel Type, By Application, By Operational Speed, By Operational Speed, & Region.

Segments Covered

By Propel Type, By Application, By Operational Speed, By Operational Speed, & By Region.

Forecast Units

Value (USD Million or Billion), and Volume (Units)

Quantitative Units

Revenue in USD million/billion and CAGR from 2024 to 2032.

Regions Covered

North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Latin America, and Middle East & Africa.

Countries Covered

U.S., Canada, Mexico, U.K., Germany, France, Italy, Spain, China, India, Japan, South Korea, Brazil, Argentina, GCC Countries, and South Africa, among others.

Report Coverage

Market growth drivers, restraints, opportunities, Porter’s five forces analysis, PEST analysis, value chain analysis, regulatory landscape, market attractiveness analysis by segments and region, company market share analysis.

Delivery Format

Delivered as an attached PDF and Excel through email, according to the purchase option.


Global Solar Train dynamics

Government initiatives and policies are essential drivers of growth in the global solar train industry. Incentives like subsidies, tax breaks, and grants encourage investment in solar train projects, while regulations supporting renewable energy adoption help expand the market. Additionally, the rising public awareness and concern for environmental issues such as climate change and air pollution are driving demand for cleaner transportation options, leading to increased adoption of solar trains.

Furthermore, advancements in technology play a key role in the growth of the solar train market. Enhancements in solar panel efficiency, battery storage capacity, and electric propulsion systems improve the performance and feasibility of solar trains, making them more appealing to both operators and investors. Collaborations among research institutions, tech firms, and railway operators also fuel innovation and speed up the creation of new solar train technologies.


Global Solar Train drivers

  • Government Support and Policies

The global solar train market is being driven by government initiatives and policies that support renewable energy and sustainable transportation. Governments are providing subsidies, tax incentives, and funding programs to encourage investment in solar train projects, making it easier for operators and investors to get involved. Regulations that require the reduction of carbon emissions and promote clean energy sources are also boosting demand for solar trains. With governments around the world focusing on sustainability and committing to reducing carbon emissions, the regulatory environment is expected to fuel significant growth in the market.

  • Technological Advancements

Continuous advancements in technology are key in driving the global solar train market ahead. Enhancements in the efficiency of solar panels, energy storage systems, and electric propulsion technologies improve the performance and feasibility of solar trains, making them more competitive with traditional diesel and electric trains. Moreover, progress in materials science and engineering plays a role in reducing the weight of solar panels and enhancing their durability, facilitating more effective integration onto train rooftops.

Additionally, developments in digitalization and data analytics allow for better monitoring and optimization of solar train operations, enhancing energy efficiency and overall performance. As research and development efforts continue to push the boundaries of solar train technology, the market is poised for further expansion and innovation.



  • High Initial Costs

The main obstacle preventing solar trains from being widely used is the high upfront costs involved in setting them up. Even with the potential long-term savings on fuel and the positive environmental impact, the initial investment needed for buying and installing solar panels, upgrading infrastructure, and improving rolling stock can be quite significant. This financial challenge could discourage operators and investors from supporting solar train initiatives, particularly in areas with limited funding or where traditional transportation systems are well-established.

  • Intermittent Nature of Solar Power

Solar train operations can be tricky due to the sporadic nature of solar power generation. Weather conditions and sunlight hours can impact efficiency, leading to fluctuations in power output. To combat this issue, operators need to consider backup power systems or hybrid propulsion solutions for consistent operation during low solar irradiance periods. Additionally, advancements in energy storage technologies, such as batteries or supercapacitors, can help store excess solar energy for use during periods of low sunlight, improving the overall reliability and resilience of solar train systems.



  • Urban Transit and Last-Mile Connectivity

The increasing need for eco-friendly urban transportation options offers a great chance for the growth of solar trains, especially in crowded areas with many public transport users. Solar trains can work alongside current transit systems and offer a green, efficient option for city commuters, cutting down on traffic jams and pollution. Additionally, light rail systems powered by solar energy can improve connectivity between different parts of a city, making it easier for people to get around and reducing the need for cars.


Segment Overview

  • By Propel Type

By Propel Type, Solar Train Market is segmented into rechargeable batteries for zero-emission and flexible energy storage. Others generate electricity with onboard fuel cells powered by hydrogen, offering longer range and faster refuelling than battery-electric trains. There are also trains that combine electric and diesel power for areas with limited electrification. Solar trains capture solar energy from photovoltaic panels on their rooftops for sustainable and renewable propulsion. Compressed natural gas (CNG) and liquefied natural gas (LNG) trains utilize natural gas as a fuel source, offering reduced emissions compared to diesel-powered trains.

  • By Application

By Application, Solar trains are segmented into freight trains transport goods efficiently over long distances, providing environmentally-friendly logistics solutions. Passenger trains carry travellers, offering comfortable and sustainable transportation options for commuters.

  • By Battery Technology

By Battery Technology, market is segmented into traditional lead-acid batteries are commonly employed due to their dependability and affordability, although they have restricted energy capacity and longevity. Cutting-edge technologies like sintered PNE (plastic negative electrode) and fibre PNE present better efficiency and endurance, making them appropriate for intensive applications.

Gel tubular batteries deliver superior safety and require minimal maintenance, perfect for challenging operational settings. Valve-regulated lead-acid (VRLA) batteries offer sealed construction and minimal maintenance requirements, suitable for urban transit applications. Lithium-ion batteries offer high energy density and fast charging capabilities, making them ideal for long-range and high-speed solar trains.

  • By Operational Speed

By Operational Speed market is segmented into, speeds below 100 km/h are commonly used for urban transit and short-distance commuting, offering frequent stops and efficient transportation within city limits. Trains with speeds between 100 and 200 km/h are meant for regional and intercity travel, providing faster and more comfortable journeys over longer distances. High-speed trains, categorized by speeds above 200 km/h, offer rapid and efficient transportation between major cities and urban centres.


Global Solar Train Overview by Region

The global solar train market is seeing different levels of adoption and growth opportunities across various regions. North America and Europe are at the forefront due to government support, infrastructure, and a focus on sustainability. These regions see heavy investments in research and development, promoting innovation and the implementation of solar train initiatives. In Asia Pacific, urbanization, population growth, and environmental awareness are driving the demand for sustainable transportation options, leading to market growth.

In countries like China and India, there is a strong focus on renewable energy, creating profitable prospects for companies that manufacture and operate solar trains. Government projects like China's Belt and Road Initiative and India's Smart Cities Mission are driving the expansion of solar-powered transportation systems. In other areas such as Latin America, Africa, and the Middle East, the market for solar trains is still in the early stages but holds great potential for advancement as governments work towards updating transportation infrastructure and decreasing reliance on traditional fuels.



Global Solar Train market competitive landscape

Established manufacturers such as Alstom, CRRC Corporation Limited, and Bombardier Transportation leverage their extensive experience and resources to develop innovative solar train solutions and expand their market presence. These companies focus on research and development initiatives to enhance product performance, reliability, and efficiency, while also emphasizing partnerships and collaborations to capitalize on emerging market opportunities.

Additionally, smaller players and startups, including Solar Rail Solutions and Byron Bay Railroad Company, contribute to market competitiveness by introducing niche products and niche markets, fostering innovation and diversity within the industry. Moreover, strategic alliances between manufacturers, technology providers, and railway operators facilitate knowledge exchange, technology transfer, and market penetration, driving further competition and growth in the global solar train market.

Key Players:

  • Alstom SA
  • CRRC Corporation Limited
  • Bombardier Transportation Inc.
  • Solar Rail Solutions Ltd.
  • Byron Bay Railroad Company Inc.
  • Siemens AG
  • Hitachi Rail Limited
  • Canadian Solar Inc.
  • Hyundai Rotem Company Ltd.
  • Vivarail Ltd.
  • Talgo SA
  • BNSF Railway Company
  • Wabtec Corporation
  • Stadler Rail AG
  • Trina Solar Limited.


Global Solar Train Recent Developments

  • Jan 2024, Gujarat's advancement is propelled by major initiatives such as the hybrid renewable energy park and solar park. The Dholera Solar Park represents another significant project propelling Gujarat into the future. Situated 80 kilometres from Ahmedabad, this massive undertaking stands as India's largest solar project, boasting a capacity of 5,000 MW according to the government.
  • Jan 2023, Siemens secures contracts aimed at facilitating the integration of solar power within the UK's railway system. With transportation contributing to 27% of carbon emissions in Britain, electrifying the country's rail network is crucial to revolutionize everyday journeys for passengers and expedite the transition to net zero emissions.


Scope of global Solar Train report

Global Solar Train report segmentation



By Propel Type

  • Battery Operated
  • Hydrogen
  • Electro Diesel
  • Solar
  • CNG (Compressed Natural Gas)
  • LNG (Liquefied Natural Gas)

By Application

  • Freight
  • Passenger

By Battery Technology

  • Conventional Lead-Acid
  • Sinter PNE (Plated Nickel Electrode)
  • Fiber PNE
  • Gel Tubular
  • Valve Regulated Lead-Acid (VRLA)
  • Pocket Plate
  • Lithium-Ion

By Operational Speed

  • Below 100 km/h
  • 100-200 km/h
  • Above 200 km/h

By Geography

  • North America (USA, and Canada)
  • Europe (UK, Germany, France, Italy, Spain, Russia and Rest of Europe)
  • Asia Pacific (Japan, China, India, Australia, Southeast Asia and Rest of Asia Pacific)
  • Latin America (Brazil, Mexico, and Rest of Latin America)
  • Middle East & Africa (South Africa, GCC, and Rest of Middle East & Africa)

Customization Scope

  • Available upon request


  • Available upon request


Objectives of the Study

The objectives of the study are summarized in 5 stages. They are as mentioned below:

  • Global Solar Train size and forecast: To identify and estimate the market size for global Solar Train market segmented By Propel Type, By Application, By Operational Speed, By Operational Speed, and by region. Also, to understand the consumption/ demand created by consumers between 2024 and 2032.
  • Market Landscape and Trends: To identify and infer the drivers, restraints, opportunities, and challenges for global Solar Train
  • Market Influencing Factors: To find out the factors which are affecting the market of global Solar Train among consumers.
  • Company Profiling:  To provide a detailed insight into the major companies operating in the market. The profiling will include the financial health of the company's past 2-3 years with segmental and regional revenue breakup, product offering, recent developments, SWOT analysis, and key strategies.

Research Methodology

Our research methodology has always been the key differentiating reason which sets us apart in comparison from the competing organizations in the industry. Our organization believes in consistency along with quality and establishing a new level with every new report we generate; our methods are acclaimed and the data/information inside the report is coveted. Our research methodology involves a combination of primary and secondary research methods. Data procurement is one of the most extensive stages in our research process. Our organization helps in assisting the clients to find the opportunities by examining the market across the globe coupled with providing economic statistics for each and every region.  The reports generated and published are based on primary & secondary research. In secondary research, we gather data for global Market through white papers, case studies, blogs, reference customers, news, articles, press releases, white papers, and research studies. We also have our paid data applications which includes hoovers, Bloomberg business week, Avention, and others.

Data Collection

Data collection is the process of gathering, measuring, and analyzing accurate and relevant data from a variety of sources to analyze market and forecast trends. Raw market data is obtained on a broad front. Data is continuously extracted and filtered to ensure only validated and authenticated sources are considered. Data is mined from a varied host of sources including secondary and primary sources.

Primary Research

After the secondary research process, we initiate the primary research phase in which we interact with companies operating within the market space. We interact with related industries to understand the factors that can drive or hamper a market. Exhaustive primary interviews are conducted. Various sources from both the supply and demand sides are interviewed to obtain qualitative and quantitative information for a report which includes suppliers, product providers, domain experts, CEOs, vice presidents, marketing & sales directors, Type & innovation directors, and related key executives from various key companies to ensure a holistic and unbiased picture of the market. 

Secondary Research

A secondary research process is conducted to identify and collect information useful for the extensive, technical, market-oriented, and comprehensive study of the market. Secondary sources include published market studies, competitive information, white papers, analyst reports, government agencies, industry and trade associations, media sources, chambers of commerce, newsletters, trade publications, magazines, Bloomberg BusinessWeek, Factiva, D&B, annual reports, company house documents, investor presentations, articles, journals, blogs, and SEC filings of companies, newspapers, and so on. We have assigned weights to these parameters and quantified their market impacts using the weighted average analysis to derive the expected market growth rate.

Top-Down Approach & Bottom-Up Approach

In the top – down approach, the Global Batteries for Solar Energy Storage Market was further divided into various segments on the basis of the percentage share of each segment. This approach helped in arriving at the market size of each segment globally. The segments market size was further broken down in the regional market size of each segment and sub-segments. The sub-segments were further broken down to country level market. The market size arrived using this approach was then crosschecked with the market size arrived by using bottom-up approach.

In the bottom-up approach, we arrived at the country market size by identifying the revenues and market shares of the key market players. The country market sizes then were added up to arrive at regional market size of the decorated apparel, which eventually added up to arrive at global market size.

This is one of the most reliable methods as the information is directly obtained from the key players in the market and is based on the primary interviews from the key opinion leaders associated with the firms considered in the research. Furthermore, the data obtained from the company sources and the primary respondents was validated through secondary sources including government publications and Bloomberg.

Market Analysis & size Estimation

Post the data mining stage, we gather our findings and analyze them, filtering out relevant insights. These are evaluated across research teams and industry experts. All this data is collected and evaluated by our analysts. The key players in the industry or markets are identified through extensive primary and secondary research. All percentage share splits, and breakdowns have been determined using secondary sources and verified through primary sources. The market size, in terms of value and volume, is determined through primary and secondary research processes, and forecasting models including the time series model, econometric model, judgmental forecasting model, the Delphi method, among Flywheel Energy Storage. Gathered information for market analysis, competitive landscape, growth trends, product development, and pricing trends is fed into the model and analyzed simultaneously.

Quality Checking & Final Review

The analysis done by the research team is further reviewed to check for the accuracy of the data provided to ensure the clients’ requirements. This approach provides essential checks and balances which facilitate the production of quality data. This Type of revision was done in two phases for the authenticity of the data and negligible errors in the report. After quality checking, the report is reviewed to look after the presentation, Type and to recheck if all the requirements of the clients were addressed.

Frequently Asked Questions

Global Solar Train forecast period is 2024 - 2032.
According to global Solar Train research, the market is expected to grow at a CAGR of ~ 7.6 % over the next eight years.
The possible segments in global Solar Train are based on By Propel Type, By Application, By Operational Speed, By Operational Speed, & by region.
The expected market size for Global Solar Train is USD 1.80 billion in 2023.
The major players in the market are Alstom SA, CRRC Corporation Limited, Bombardier Transportation Inc., Solar Rail Solutions Ltd., Byron Bay Railroad Company Inc., Siemens AG, Hitachi Rail Limited, Canadian Solar Inc., Hyundai Rotem Company Ltd., Vivarail Ltd., Talgo SA, BNSF Railway Company, Wabtec Corporation, Stadler Rail AG, and Trina Solar Limited.

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