Ethanol Vehicle Market

Global Ethanol Vehicle Market Research Report: By Type (Trucks, Cars, Others), By Fuel Type (Gasoline, Diesel), By Blend Type (E10 to E25, E25 to E85, Above E85), By Drive Type (Front Wheel Drive (FWD), Rear Wheel Drive (RWD), All Wheel Drive (AWD)), and Region (North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, and Rest of the World) Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, Regional Analysis, Competitor Analysis and Forecast 2023-2031.

Automobile & Transportation | December 2023 | Report ID: EMR00301 | Pages: 301

The global ethanol vehicle market was valued at USD 575.23 billion in 2022 and is estimated to reach approximately USD 1301.30 billion by 2031, at a CAGR of 9.4% from 2023 to 2031.

In an effort to lessen dependency on fossil fuels and lessen environmental effect, the automotive industry underwent a sea change with the introduction of ethanol vehicles. As an environmentally beneficial substitute for gasoline, ethanol a renewable biofuel made from organic materials like corn or sugarcane became more and more popular. Its incorporation into cars necessitated modifications to engine architecture, enabling them to run on ethanol and gasoline blends like E85. Several automakers started manufacturing flexible-fuel vehicles (FFVs) that could run on ethanol mixes in the early 2000s. This breakthrough led to a sharp increase in the market share of ethanol, providing customers with an eco-friendly option and bolstering the agricultural industry. Government regulations and incentives, coupled with growing worries about pollution and climate change, further sped up the adoption of ethanol-powered automobiles. Early obstacles to the market introduction of ethanol-powered vehicles were a lack of infrastructure for the distribution of ethanol and a lower energy density than gasoline, which affected mileage. But as infrastructure and technology continue to progress, many of these worries have been allayed, leading to a rising acceptance of ethanol-powered cars as a more environmentally friendly and sustainable mode of transportation. This change is a critical step in the direction of encouraging renewable energy sources and lowering carbon footprints in the automotive industry.





Report Attribute


Estimated Market Value (2022)

575.23 Bn

Projected Market Value (2031)

1301.30 Bn

Base Year


Forecast Years

2023 - 2031

Scope of the Report

Historical and Forecast Trends, Industry Drivers and Constraints, Historical and Forecast Market Analysis by Segment- By Type, By Fuel Type, By Blend Type, By Drive Type, & Region

Segments Covered

By Type, By Fuel Type, By Blend Type, By Drive Type, & Region

Forecast Units

Value (USD Billion or Million), and Volume (Units)

Quantitative Units

Revenue in USD million/billion and CAGR from 2023 to 2031

Regions Covered

North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Latin America, and Middle East & Africa, and the Rest of World

Countries Covered

U.S., Canada, Mexico, U.K., Germany, France, Italy, Spain, China, India, Japan, South Korea, Brazil, Argentina, GCC Countries, and South Africa, among others

Report Coverage

Market growth drivers, restraints, opportunities, Porter’s five forces analysis, PEST analysis, value chain analysis, regulatory landscape, market attractiveness analysis by segments and region, company market share analysis, and COVID-19 impact analysis.

Delivery Format

Delivered as an attached PDF and Excel through email, according to the purchase option.


Global Ethanol Vehicle Market Dynamics

Ethanol vehicles, which were first hailed as a viable environmentally benign substitute for conventional gasoline-powered automobiles, experienced volatility due to changes in the economy, environment, and policy. The dynamics of the market were significantly impacted by shifting oil prices and government initiatives supporting renewable energy. The cost-effectiveness of ethanol in comparison to gasoline, particularly in times of elevated oil prices, frequently impacted customer inclinations. The demand for ethanol-powered vehicles was further increased by strict emissions restrictions and environmental concerns, which spurred investment and innovation in biofuel technologies. The development of infrastructure was essential to the dynamics of the market. The market viability of ethanol was aided by the growth of ethanol production facilities and distribution networks, as well as by the greater availability of ethanol blends at fuel stations. Nevertheless, issues remained, such as arguments about ethanol's total carbon footprint taking into account the production processes and worries about how land use for ethanol production would affect the availability of food. Subsidies, tax breaks, and government regulations all contributed to the market's shaping of ethanol-powered vehicles. Government policy changes have the potential to have a big impact on market dynamics, causing uncertainty and influencing investment choices in the ethanol vehicle sector. As technology advances and the need for environmentally friendly mobility solutions grows, the market will continue to change, making ethanol vehicles a major participant in the search for more environmentally friendly mobility options.


Global Ethanol Vehicle Market Drivers

  • Renewable Energy Focus

There's a rising push to lessen dependency on fossil fuels as civilizations face more environmental challenges. Because it can be renewed, ethanol, which is made from organic resources, is a promising alternative fuel. When taking into account the full life cycle, its production from crops like corn, sugarcane, or cellulosic biomass gives a carbon-neutral or even a carbon-negative footprint. This is in line with the overarching objective of reducing greenhouse gas emissions, which is essential to halting climate change. International agreements and governmental initiatives that prioritize renewable energy also support this driver. Market demand is stimulated by encouraging the use of ethanol as a motor fuel through incentives, subsidies, and mandates. Additionally, growing consumer awareness of environmental sustainability is driving demand for environmentally friendly modes of transportation. Because it is compatible with current engines and vehicle infrastructure, ethanol is a renewable energy source that is both practical and widely available for use in transportation.

  • Technological Advancements

 Ongoing advancements in ethanol production techniques, engine architecture, and vehicle infrastructure are essential to improving the effectiveness, performance, and commercial viability of ethanol-powered automobiles. The goal of ethanol production advancements is to enhance ethanol yield while lowering production costs and environmental effect. Examples of these advancements include better fermentation techniques and the use of sophisticated feedstock. The seamless integration of ethanol fuels into current car models is made possible by innovations in flexible-fuel vehicle (FFV) systems and engine technology that optimize combustion efficiency for ethanol mixes. This technological advancement promotes consumer acceptability and adoption by guaranteeing the performance, compatibility, and dependability of ethanol-powered automobiles. Additionally, research is still being conducted to solve issues like ethanol's lower energy density than gasoline in an effort to increase mileage and overall efficiency. Modern infrastructure guarantees easy accessibility for customers, such as the growth of ethanol fueling stations and distribution networks. These developments are the result of partnerships between automakers, academics, and energy providers. They open the door to a more environmentally friendly, economically viable, and technologically advanced ethanol vehicle market, which is in line with the larger movement for cleaner energy and less environmental impact in transportation.



  • High Investment and Production Costs

The ethanol vehicle market is severely constrained by high production and investment costs, which prevents ethanol vehicles from being widely adopted and from scaling up. One major financial obstacle is the initial cash needed to create ethanol production facilities, refine technology, and set up a distribution infrastructure. Additionally, major research and development expenditures from automakers are necessary due to developments in engine technology and vehicle compatibility with ethanol blends. Both manufacturers and consumers face difficulties as a result of these high costs. The cost of establishing and maintaining production facilities, locating raw materials, and adhering to environmental regulations all contribute to the overall production cost for ethanol manufacturers. Because consumers frequently bear the brunt of this expense, ethanol's ability to compete with conventional gasoline is impacted. Furthermore, ambiguity surrounding governmental regulations and volatile market conditions may dissuade prospective investors, resulting in reluctance to make long-term investments. The uncertainty of production costs is further compounded by the volatility of feedstock prices, such as those of corn or sugarcane, which impacts investment decisions.

  • Energy Density and Mileage Concerns

In spite of its environmental benefits, ethanol has less energy than gasoline. When using ethanol as gasoline, this decreased energy density results in a lower mileage per gallon. As a result, cars that run on ethanol mixes, such as E85, frequently have lower fuel economy than cars that run on regular gasoline. The discrepancy in mileage has an impact on public adoption since drivers may believe that vehicles powered by ethanol are less economical because they require more frequent refilling or have shorter driving ranges. Furthermore, this restriction affects the viability of ethanol-powered cars for long-distance driving or business uses where fuel economy is a major factor in operating expenses. To allay these worries, further research and development is needed to boost the performance of engines that run on ethanol mixtures.



  • Advancements in Ethanol Production

Technological advancements in production techniques have the ability to lower production costs and greatly increase the yield of ethanol from feedstock. Promising avenues for increasing ethanol output include developing more sophisticated feedstocks, such as algae or cellulosic biomass, and optimizing fermentation and enzymatic processes. Innovations also seek to optimize industrial procedures in order to reduce energy consumption and waste output, which will support a more sustainable production cycle. These advancements position ethanol as a more environmentally friendly substitute for conventional fossil fuels, in line with global sustainability aspirations. Technological developments have the potential to lower manufacturing costs for ethanol, increasing its economic competitiveness with gasoline. This helps ethanol producers as well as customers by potentially lowering gasoline prices, which encourages the use of ethanol-powered automobiles. These developments are fueled by partnerships between academic institutions, governmental organizations, and the commercial sector, which create an atmosphere that is conducive to innovation and ongoing development.

  • Governmental Support and Incentives

The global government's policies, subsidies, and incentives to boost renewable energy sources and lower carbon emissions offer a framework that is advantageous to the ethanol business. These projects encourage the manufacture, distribution, and use of ethanol as a fuel for vehicles through a variety of means, including as tax credits, subsidies, loan programs, and regulations. Such government support encourages research and development activities targeted at improving the efficiency and environmental advantages of ethanol as well as investments in the infrastructure necessary for its production. Furthermore, laws mandating a specific proportion of renewable fuels in transportation fuel blends establish a steady market demand for ethanol, giving producers and investors security and certainty. The potential growth and stability of the ethanol market as a result of these encouraging policies provide an opportunity. The market for ethanol vehicles can flourish with sustained support from the government and well-thought-out legislation. This will draw in additional investors, encourage technological breakthroughs, and ultimately help to dramatically reduce greenhouse gas emissions and develop a sustainable transportation future.



Segment Overview

By Type

Based on type, the global ethanol vehicle market is divided into trucks, cars, others. The cars category dominates the market with the largest revenue share in 2022. Ethanol-powered cars, including sedans, SUVs, and hatchbacks, represent a substantial portion of the market. Flexible-fuel vehicles (FFVs) capable of running on ethanol blends or gasoline are common in many markets. Ethanol-compatible engines in passenger vehicles offer consumers the choice to opt for a more environmentally friendly fuel option, contributing to reduced greenhouse gas emissions and promoting sustainability in personal transportation. Ethanol-powered trucks play a significant role in sectors such as commercial transportation, logistics, and agriculture. These vehicles, ranging from light-duty pickup trucks to heavy-duty freight haulers, utilize ethanol as a fuel source. Ethanol-powered trucks offer a greener alternative for transporting goods, providing an opportunity to reduce carbon emissions in the transportation sector, especially in industries reliant on heavy-duty vehicles.


By Fuel Type

Based on the fuel type, the global ethanol vehicle market is categorized into gasoline, diesel. The gasoline category leads the global ethanol vehicle market with the largest revenue share in 2022. Gasoline remains one of the most prevalent and widely used fuels in the automotive industry. It powers a vast majority of vehicles globally, utilizing a blend of hydrocarbon compounds derived from crude oil. However, in the context of the ethanol vehicle market, gasoline is often used in comparison to ethanol as a traditional fuel source. Ethanol-blended gasoline, such as E10 (10% ethanol and 90% gasoline) or E85 (85% ethanol and 15% gasoline), provides a partial substitution of gasoline with ethanol, offering an eco-friendly alternative that reduces greenhouse gas emissions. Where, diesel fuel powers a significant portion of heavy-duty vehicles, including trucks, buses, and some passenger cars. In contrast to gasoline, diesel fuel is derived from crude oil and is known for its higher energy density and efficiency in certain engine types. Within the ethanol vehicle market, diesel remains a distinct fuel type, although there have been developments in bio-based diesel alternatives (like biodiesel) derived from renewable sources, contributing to a more sustainable transportation landscape.


By Blend Type

Based on blend type, the global ethanol vehicle market is segmented into E10 to E25, E25 to E85, above E85. The E25 to E85 segment dominates the ethanol vehicle market. This segment includes blends with a higher ethanol content, starting from E25 (25% ethanol and 75% gasoline) and reaching up to E85 (85% ethanol and 15% gasoline). Flexible-fuel vehicles (FFVs) are designed to accommodate these higher ethanol blends. FFVs possess specialized engine systems capable of adjusting fuel injection and combustion parameters based on the ethanol content in the blend. E85, in particular, is a common ethanol blend that significantly reduces greenhouse gas emissions compared to traditional gasoline, offering a more sustainable fuel option. Where, E10 to E25, this segment comprises blends containing a lower percentage of ethanol, ranging from 10% (E10) to 25% (E25) ethanol mixed with gasoline. E10, for instance, is a widely available blend in many regions, consisting of 10% ethanol and 90% gasoline. These lower ethanol blends are compatible with most modern gasoline-powered vehicles and require no specific modifications to the engine. Above E85, this category refers to blends containing ethanol concentrations higher than E85. However, such high ethanol blends are less common and usually not widely available due to technical challenges and engine compatibility issues. Using ethanol concentrations significantly above E85 might necessitate substantial modifications to vehicle engines and fuel systems, limiting their practical application.


By Drive Type

Based on drive type, the global ethanol vehicle market is divided into front wheel drive (FWD), rear wheel drive (RWD), all wheel drive (AWD). The  rear wheel drive (RWD) category dominates the market with the largest revenue share in 2022. RWD vehicles channel power from the engine to the rear wheels. This configuration often provides better weight distribution, offering enhanced handling characteristics, especially in performance-oriented vehicles. Some larger sedans, trucks, and high-performance cars feature a rear-wheel-drive layout. Ethanol-powered RWD vehicles offer similar performance and capabilities to gasoline-powered models within this category. FWD vehicles primarily utilize the front wheels to deliver power from the engine to the road. These vehicles are known for their space efficiency, as the drivetrain components are located in the front of the vehicle, creating more interior space. Many compact cars, sedans, and some crossover SUVs are designed with a front-wheel-drive configuration. FWD vehicles running on ethanol fuels operate similarly to their gasoline counterparts, offering efficient and accessible transportation options. AWD vehicles distribute power to all four wheels, offering improved traction and stability in various driving conditions, including adverse weather or off-road terrain. AWD systems can automatically adjust power delivery to individual wheels for optimal traction. Many SUVs, crossovers, and some sedans feature AWD configurations. Ethanol-powered AWD vehicles cater to consumers seeking both performance and versatility, maintaining similar drivetrain capabilities as their gasoline counterparts.


Global Ethanol Vehicle Market Overview by Region

The global ethanol vehicle market is categorized into North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, and the Rest of the World. Asia-Pacific emerged as the leading region, capturing  the largest market share in 2022. The region's proactive approach to implementing renewable energy and mitigating environmental effect is a noteworthy element. With the goal of reducing pollution and reducing reliance on fossil fuels, nations such as Brazil, China, and India have put laws in place to support ethanol as a sustainable alternative fuel. In addition, the Asia-Pacific area has a thriving agricultural industry that makes it easier to produce ethanol from a variety of feedstock sources, including corn, sugarcane, and other biomass. The availability of raw materials guarantees a steady supply of ethanol, creating a favorable atmosphere for the adoption of ethanol-powered vehicles. Government programs, like as mandates, tax breaks, and subsidies, encourage investment in ethanol production and the creation of automobiles that are compatible with ethanol, which further propels the market. The extent of the automotive sector in this area, along with consumers' increasing consciousness of environmental issues, greatly influences the adoption of ethanol-powered automobiles. In addition, the sheer size of the Asia-Pacific market, along with its quickly growing urban and middle class populations, fuels the market for ethanol vehicles by increasing demand for greener, more sustainable modes of transportation.




Global Ethanol Vehicle Market Competitive Landscape

In the global ethanol vehicle market, a few major players exert significant market dominance and have established a strong regional presence. These leading companies remain committed to continuous research and development endeavors and actively engage in strategic growth initiatives, including product development, launches, joint ventures, and partnerships. By pursuing these strategies, these companies aim to strengthen their market position, expand their customer base, and capture a substantial share of the market.

Some of the prominent players in the global ethanol vehicle market include Volkswagen AG, Daimler AG, Deere & Company, General Motors, BMW AG, Ford Motor Company, AB Volvo, Nissan Motor Corporation, Scania, Mitsubishi Motors Corporation, Honda Motor Co., Ltd., TOYOTA MOTOR CORPORATION, and various other key players.


Global Ethanol Vehicle Market Recent Developments

In January 2023, Brazil prefers cars made by ethanol as of 2022 Flex-fuel cars are still more common than EVs. Sales of new cars powered by flex-fuel, which can contain varying amounts of biodiesel, bioethanol, or even biogas, continued to greatly outpace sales of electric vehicles (EVs) in Brazil in 2022.

In February 2022, In Brazil, BMW introduced a 3-series sedan that could run on fuel combined with ethanol. Even when powered exclusively by ethanol, the new BMW 3 series may continue to operate as usual. The 3-series is powered by a 2.0-liter four-cylinder B48 turbo that has been slightly modified to run on fuel derived from ethanol.


Scope of the Global Ethanol Vehicle Market Report

Ethanol Vehicle Market Report Segmentation



By Type

  • Trucks
  • Cars
  • Others

By Fuel Type

  • Gasoline
  • Diesel


By Blend Type

  • E10 to E25
  • E25 to E85
  • Above E85

By Drive Type

  • Front Wheel Drive (FWD)
  • Rear Wheel Drive (RWD)
  • All Wheel Drive (AWD)




By Geography

  • North America (USA, and Canada)
  • Europe (UK, Germany, France, Italy, Spain, Russia and Rest of Europe)
  • Asia Pacific (Japan, China, India, Australia, Southeast Asia and Rest of Asia Pacific)
  • Latin America (Brazil, Mexico, and Rest of Latin America)
  • Middle East & Africa (South Africa, GCC, and Rest of Middle East & Africa)

Customization Scope

  • Available upon request


  • Available upon request


Objectives of the Study

The objectives of the study are summarized in 5 stages. They are as mentioned below:

  • Global Ethanol Vehicle Market Size and Forecast:

To identify and estimate the market size for the global ethanol vehicle market segmented by type, by fuel type, by blend type, by drive type, region and by value (in U.S. dollars). Also, to understand the consumption/ demand created by consumers of ethanol vehicle between 2019 and 2031.

  • Market Landscape and Trends:

To identify and infer the drivers, restraints, opportunities, and challenges for the global ethanol vehicle market

  • Market Influencing Factors:

To find out the factors which are affecting the sales of ethanol vehicle among consumers

  • Impact of COVID-19:

To identify and understand the various factors involved in the global ethanol vehicle market affected by the pandemic

  • Company Profiling:

To provide a detailed insight into the major companies operating in the market. The profiling will include the financial health of the company's past 2-3 years with segmental and regional revenue breakup, product offering, recent developments, SWOT analysis, and key strategies.

Intended Audience

  • Automotive Industry Professionals
  • Energy Sector Experts
  • Environmental Organizations
  • Ethanol Producers and Suppliers
  • Retailers, Wholesalers, and Distributors
  • Governments, Associations, and Industrial Bodies
  • Investors and Trade Experts

Research Methodology

Our research methodology has always been the key differentiating reason which sets us apart in comparison from the competing organizations in the industry. Our organization believes in consistency along with quality and establishing a new level with every new report we generate; our methods are acclaimed and the data/information inside the report is coveted. Our research methodology involves a combination of primary and secondary research methods. Data procurement is one of the most extensive stages in our research process. Our organization helps in assisting the clients to find the opportunities by examining the market across the globe coupled with providing economic statistics for each and every region.  The reports generated and published are based on primary & secondary research. In secondary research, we gather data for global Market through white papers, case studies, blogs, reference customers, news, articles, press releases, white papers, and research studies. We also have our paid data applications which includes hoovers, Bloomberg business week, Avention, and others.

Data Collection

Data collection is the process of gathering, measuring, and analyzing accurate and relevant data from a variety of sources to analyze market and forecast trends. Raw market data is obtained on a broad front. Data is continuously extracted and filtered to ensure only validated and authenticated sources are considered. Data is mined from a varied host of sources including secondary and primary sources.

Primary Research

After the secondary research process, we initiate the primary research phase in which we interact with companies operating within the market space. We interact with related industries to understand the factors that can drive or hamper a market. Exhaustive primary interviews are conducted. Various sources from both the supply and demand sides are interviewed to obtain qualitative and quantitative information for a report which includes suppliers, product providers, domain experts, CEOs, vice presidents, marketing & sales directors, Type & innovation directors, and related key executives from various key companies to ensure a holistic and unbiased picture of the market. 

Secondary Research

A secondary research process is conducted to identify and collect information useful for the extensive, technical, market-oriented, and comprehensive study of the market. Secondary sources include published market studies, competitive information, white papers, analyst reports, government agencies, industry and trade associations, media sources, chambers of commerce, newsletters, trade publications, magazines, Bloomberg BusinessWeek, Factiva, D&B, annual reports, company house documents, investor presentations, articles, journals, blogs, and SEC filings of companies, newspapers, and so on. We have assigned weights to these parameters and quantified their market impacts using the weighted average analysis to derive the expected market growth rate.

Top-Down Approach & Bottom-Up Approach

In the top – down approach, the Global Batteries for Solar Energy Storage Market was further divided into various segments on the basis of the percentage share of each segment. This approach helped in arriving at the market size of each segment globally. The segments market size was further broken down in the regional market size of each segment and sub-segments. The sub-segments were further broken down to country level market. The market size arrived using this approach was then crosschecked with the market size arrived by using bottom-up approach.

In the bottom-up approach, we arrived at the country market size by identifying the revenues and market shares of the key market players. The country market sizes then were added up to arrive at regional market size of the decorated apparel, which eventually added up to arrive at global market size.

This is one of the most reliable methods as the information is directly obtained from the key players in the market and is based on the primary interviews from the key opinion leaders associated with the firms considered in the research. Furthermore, the data obtained from the company sources and the primary respondents was validated through secondary sources including government publications and Bloomberg.

Market Analysis & size Estimation

Post the data mining stage, we gather our findings and analyze them, filtering out relevant insights. These are evaluated across research teams and industry experts. All this data is collected and evaluated by our analysts. The key players in the industry or markets are identified through extensive primary and secondary research. All percentage share splits, and breakdowns have been determined using secondary sources and verified through primary sources. The market size, in terms of value and volume, is determined through primary and secondary research processes, and forecasting models including the time series model, econometric model, judgmental forecasting model, the Delphi method, among Flywheel Energy Storage. Gathered information for market analysis, competitive landscape, growth trends, product development, and pricing trends is fed into the model and analyzed simultaneously.

Quality Checking & Final Review

The analysis done by the research team is further reviewed to check for the accuracy of the data provided to ensure the clients’ requirements. This approach provides essential checks and balances which facilitate the production of quality data. This Type of revision was done in two phases for the authenticity of the data and negligible errors in the report. After quality checking, the report is reviewed to look after the presentation, Type and to recheck if all the requirements of the clients were addressed.

Frequently Asked Questions

The global ethanol vehicle market forecast period is 2023 - 2031
According to ethanol vehicle market research, the market is expected to grow at a CAGR of ~9.4% over the coming years.
Asia-Pacific is expected to register the highest CAGR during 2023 - 2031.
Asia-Pacific held the largest share in 2022.
The major players operating in the global ethanol vehicle market include Volkswagen AG, Daimler AG, Deere & Company, General Motors, BMW AG, Ford Motor Company, AB Volvo, Nissan Motor Corporation, Scania, Mitsubishi Motors Corporation, Honda Motor Co., Ltd., TOYOTA MOTOR CORPORATION , and various others.

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