Biomass Pellets Market

Global Biomass Pellets Market Research Report: By Source (Agricultural Residue Waste, Forest Wood Waste, Virgin Lumber, Food Waste, Energy Crops, Industrial Waste, Others), By Application (Pellet Stove, Pellet Boilers, Free-Standing Stoves, Animal Bedding, Combined Heat and Power (CHP), Commercial Heating, Residential Heating, Power Generation, Others), and Region (North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, and Rest of the World) Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, Regional Analysis, Competitor Analysis and Forecast 2024-2032.

Chemical & Material | December 2023 | Report ID: EMR00323 | Pages: 301

The global biomass pellets market was valued at USD 12.58 billion in 2023 and is estimated to reach approximately USD 20.74 billion by 2032, at a CAGR of 5.7% from 2024 to 2032.

The market for biomass pellets has grown significantly since its launch as a sustainable substitute for conventional fossil fuels. These pellets are a renewable energy source because they are usually made from organic resources such as wood, agricultural leftovers, or special energy crops. Growing environmental concerns and the search for greener energy sources contributed to their meteoric rise in popularity. Biomass pellets were introduced as an effective replacement for coal and other non-renewable resources, and they have a number of benefits. Their reduced carbon emissions help in the fight against climate change. Additionally, the process of producing them makes use of organic waste materials, which addresses waste management issues and lessens reliance on scarce resources. Government incentives encouraging the use of renewable energy sources and technical developments improving pellet production methods have fueled the market's expansion. Because of this, a growing number of businesses, power plants, and homes started using biomass pellets for heating, producing energy, and as a feedstock for other uses. The evolution of this market indicates a hopeful change towards an energy landscape that is more ecologically conscious and represents a growing worldwide commitment towards sustainable energy sources.






Report Attribute


Estimated Market Value (2023)

12.58 Bn

Projected Market Value (2032)

20.74 Bn

Base Year


Forecast Years

2024 - 2032

Scope of the Report

Historical and Forecast Trends, Industry Drivers and Constraints, Historical and Forecast Market Analysis by Segment- By Source, By Application, & Region

Segments Covered

By Source, By Application, & Region

Forecast Units

Value (USD Billion or Million), and Volume (Units)

Quantitative Units

Revenue in USD million/billion and CAGR from 2024 to 2032

Regions Covered

North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Latin America, and Middle East & Africa, and the Rest of World

Countries Covered

U.S., Canada, Mexico, U.K., Germany, France, Italy, Spain, China, India, Japan, South Korea, Brazil, Argentina, GCC Countries, and South Africa, among others

Report Coverage

Market growth drivers, restraints, opportunities, Porter’s five forces analysis, PEST analysis, value chain analysis, regulatory landscape, market attractiveness analysis by segments and region, company market share analysis, and COVID-19 impact analysis.

Delivery Format

Delivered as an attached PDF and Excel through email, according to the purchase option.


Global Biomass Pellets Market Dynamics

The growing emphasis on cutting carbon emissions and switching to renewable energy sources on a worldwide scale is one major motivator. The market for biomass pellets, which are viewed as a cleaner alternative to fossil fuels, has increased due to the increased awareness of environmental issues. The use of renewable energy has been encouraged by government regulations and subsidies, which have had a considerable impact on market dynamics. Investment in the manufacture and use of biomass pellets has been boosted by subsidies, tax breaks, and requirements for renewable energy quotas. Technological developments that improve the quality and efficiency of pellet production also influence market dynamics. Biomass pellets are becoming more widely available and economically feasible due to advancements in pelletizing technology, storage, and transportation. Furthermore, price swings for fossil fuels have a big effect on the market for biomass pellets. Demand for biomass pellets increases as the cost of traditional fuels rises and they become more economically viable. There are still issues, though, such as supply chain limitations and seasonal variations that might affect the consistency and availability of biomass fuel. Policy uncertainty and regulatory changes have an impact on investor confidence and market growth, which in turn affects market dynamics. However, the market for biomass pellets is still developing, propelled by a complex interaction of technology advancements, governmental regulations, economic considerations, and environmental concerns, making it a major participant in the renewable energy scene.


Global Biomass Pellets Market Drivers

  • Environmental Awareness and Emission Reduction Goals

Increased awareness of climate change around the world has led to a shared commitment to cut carbon emissions and move away from fossil fuels. There is a growing need for greener, more sustainable energy sources, such as biomass pellets, as societies become more aware of the negative environmental effects of existing energy sources. Globally, communities, businesses, and governments are supporting emission reduction goals in line with global accords like the Paris Agreement, which prioritize reducing greenhouse gas emissions. In this pursuit of sustainability, biomass pellets a sustainable energy source made from organic materials—have become a crucial component. Their allure is that they can reduce carbon emissions by replacing coal and other non-renewable fuels in different industries. This driver positions biomass pellets as a crucial part of the global push towards a greener future, while also driving the market's growth and reflecting a fundamental shift in social attitudes where environmental considerations play a significant role in determining energy choices and policies.

  • Government Incentives and Policies

Governments all over the world have implemented a variety of incentives and laws to encourage the adoption of renewable energy in response to environmental concerns and the necessity of diversifying energy sources. These programs, which are designed to encourage investment in and use of sustainable energy sources like biomass pellets, include feed-in tariffs, tax breaks, renewable energy quotas, and subsidies. By fostering a positive economic climate, these policies encourage businesses, power plants, and homes to convert from fossil fuels to biomass pellets. Furthermore, governments frequently establish renewable energy objectives, requiring a certain proportion of energy production to originate from renewable sources. This promise gives manufacturers of biomass pellets a steady and predictable market, promoting innovation and expanding production capabilities. Additionally, by demonstrating a sustained commitment to and support of renewable energy, these measures boost investor confidence and draw capital into the biomass pellet industry. In the end, market dynamics are mostly shaped by government incentives and policies, which direct supply and demand in the direction of cleaner, more sustainable energy sources.



  • High Production Costs

These higher prices are caused by a number of factors, such as the costs of obtaining and processing feedstock, which might differ depending on factors including supply chain complexity, geography, and seasonal availability. The equipment and technologies needed for effective pelletization also come with a high upfront cost and continuous operating costs, which raises the cost of manufacturing overall. These costs are further increased by the need to transport biomass feedstock from various sources to processing facilities, particularly in cases where the logistical infrastructure is lacking. Furthermore, strict quality control procedures that guarantee uniform pellet standards result in extra expenses throughout production. All of these expenses add up to increase the cost of generating biomass pellets, which lowers their economic competitiveness relative to fossil fuels, particularly in areas where conventional energy sources continue to be more financially advantageous. The mitigation of elevated production costs demands technological innovations, efficient supply chains, economies of scale, and creative approaches to expedite procedures and save costs. These measures will strengthen the viability and competitiveness of biomass pellets as a sustainable energy option.

  • Infrastructure and Distribution Challenges

The logistics of gathering and moving a variety of biomass feedstock from different places to processing facilities are where the complications begin. These facilities are frequently situated distant from the sources of biomass, which creates logistical challenges and raises transportation costs. Inadequate storage facilities can also make it more difficult to efficiently stockpile feedstock, particularly during times of high availability or seasonal fluctuations. Furthermore, there may be a lack of adequate or underdeveloped infrastructure to move completed biomass pellets from production sites to end users, like companies or power plants, which would result in delays, inefficiencies, and higher distribution costs. Because biomass pellets are susceptible to moisture and deterioration, these difficulties are exacerbated by the requirement for specific handling and storage facilities.



  • Renewable Energy Transition

In light of global commitments to curtail carbon emissions and use sustainable energy sources, biomass pellets present a flexible way forward. Their renewable nature and ability to replace conventional fossil fuels in heating and power generation systems make them an essential part of this transition. The versatility of biomass pellets is exceptional; they can be easily incorporated into the current infrastructure, co-fired alongside coal in power plants, and used for combined heat and power (CHP) applications. Furthermore, as technology develops, biomass pellets become more competitive as their quality and efficiency are improved. This shift is about more than simply energy; it's a chance to use locally accessible biomass resources to power rural development and promote economic expansion while reducing environmental impact. Biomass pellets are positioned to play a significant role as governments throughout the world increase their attention on sustainable practices and renewable energy sources. They provide a dependable, scalable, and environmentally friendly energy alternative.

  • Technological Advancements and Innovation

From the sourcing of raw materials to the ultimate use, ongoing research and development projects are improving every step of the pellet production process. Technological advancements such as torrefaction, which maximizes biomass by eliminating moisture and raising its energy density, have the potential to enhance pellet quality and efficiency. Moreover, improvements in process automation and densification methods are simplifying manufacturing, cutting expenses, and raising biomass pellets' overall competitiveness in the energy market. Innovation in combustion technologies goes beyond production and enables the creation of energy that is both cleaner and more efficient. The aforementioned developments enhance not only the efficiency and commercial appeal of biomass pellets but also promote environmental sustainability by reducing waste and emissions during the whole manufacturing and utilization process. The potential for biomass pellets to develop into an even more dependable, affordable, and environmentally friendly energy source is set to increase as technology advances, propelling additional market expansion and adoption on a worldwide basis.


Segment Overview

By Source

Based on source, the global biomass pellets market is divided into agricultural residue waste, forest wood waste, virgin lumber, food waste, energy crops, industrial waste, others. The agricultural residue waste category dominates the market with the largest revenue share 2023.  This category includes residues left after agricultural activities, such as straw, husks, corn stalks, and other crop residues. These materials are abundant and serve as a valuable source for biomass pellets without requiring additional land use. Residues from forestry operations, including branches, tops, bark, and sawdust, constitute forest wood waste. Utilizing these residues for biomass pellets reduces waste and optimizes the use of the entire tree, contributing to sustainable forest management practices. Virgin lumber refers to freshly harvested wood or wood by-products from lumber production that might not meet quality standards for commercial use. Processing this wood into pellets provides an additional avenue to utilize this resource efficiently. Organic waste from food processing or post-consumer sources can be converted into biomass pellets. These materials, including fruit and vegetable scraps or discarded food, offer a renewable and environmentally friendly source for pellet production. Dedicated energy crops like switchgrass, miscanthus, and willow are grown specifically for energy production. These crops require less intensive cultivation and can be harvested for pellet production, contributing to renewable energy sources. Various industries produce organic waste materials, such as paper sludge, manufacturing residues, and by-products. Repurposing these industrial wastes as biomass pellets reduces disposal costs and promotes a circular economy approach.


By Application

Based on the application, the global biomass pellets market is categorized into pellet stove, pellet boilers, free-standing stoves, animal bedding, combined heat and power (CHP), commercial heating, residential heating, power generation, others. The power generation category leads the global biomass pellets market with the largest revenue share in 2023. Biomass pellets are used in power plants as a renewable energy source to generate electricity. Co-firing with coal or dedicated biomass power plants utilize pellets to produce electricity on a larger scale.  These are standalone heating devices designed to burn biomass pellets for residential spaces. Pellet stoves efficiently produce heat, offering a convenient and environmentally friendly alternative to traditional wood-burning stoves or electric heaters. Similar to conventional boilers, pellet boilers use biomass pellets as a fuel source for heating water. They are commonly used in homes, businesses, and larger facilities for central heating systems. Free-standing pellet stoves resemble traditional wood-burning stoves and provide localized heating. They offer flexibility in placement within a home or building, making them a popular choice for supplemental heating. Biomass pellets, particularly those made from specific materials like sawdust or straw, are utilized as animal bedding in agricultural settings. These pellets provide comfortable and absorbent bedding for livestock while managing waste efficiently. Biomass pellets are used in CHP systems, where they generate both heat and electricity simultaneously. This application is common in industrial and commercial settings, utilizing the pellets' energy for various purposes. Larger-scale heating applications in commercial buildings, institutions, and industrial facilities use biomass pellets to provide space heating and hot water, reducing reliance on fossil fuels. Biomass pellets are widely adopted for residential heating purposes, offering an eco-friendly alternative for homeowners looking to reduce their carbon footprint while efficiently heating their homes.


Global Biomass Pellets Market Overview by Region

The global biomass pellets market is categorized into North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, and the Rest of the World. Asia-Pacific emerged as the leading region, capturing the largest market share in 2023. The area is experiencing a surge in population, increasing industry, and urbanization, which has increased demand for energy and sparked a hunt for renewable and sustainable sources. Because of their renewable nature and wide range of uses, biomass pellets have attracted a lot of interest as a potential replacement for fossil fuels in order to fulfill these growing energy demands. Furthermore, countries in the Asia-Pacific region are giving environmental sustainability and emissions reduction a higher priority. Because they reduce greenhouse gas emissions and encourage the creation of cleaner energy, biomass pellets provide an environmentally responsible answer. The region's biomass pellet industry has been growing thanks to government policies and initiatives that support the development of renewable energy sources as well as incentives and subsidies. Furthermore, a strong basis for the robust expansion of the biomass pellets sector has been supplied by the abundance of biomass resources found in nations such as China, India, Japan, and Southeast Asia in the form of forestry waste, energy crops, and agricultural wastes. The market's growth has been further fueled by investments in industrial facilities and technology, which have made pellet manufacture and delivery more efficient. The Asia-Pacific region is now a dominant player in the global biomass pellets market, having emerged as such due to a confluence of factors including rising energy demands, environmental consciousness, policies that are supportive, an abundance of biomass resources, and technological advancements in the energy sector.





Global Biomass Pellets Market Competitive Landscape

In the global biomass pellets market, a few major players exert significant market dominance and have established a strong regional presence. These leading companies remain committed to continuous research and development endeavors and actively engage in strategic growth initiatives, including product development, launches, joint ventures, and partnerships. By pursuing these strategies, these companies aim to strengthen their market position, expand their customer base, and capture a substantial share of the market.

Some of the prominent players in the global biomass pellets market include Buhler AG, International WoodFuels LLC, Enviva, Forest Energy Corporation, Energex Corporation, Sumitomo Corporation, New England Wood Pellet, Drax Group plc, Pinnacle Renewable Energy Inc., ANVIETPHAT , and various other key players.


Global Biomass Pellets Market Recent Developments

In Septemer 2022, Enviva Inc. opened a brand-new wood pellet production plant in George County, Mississippi (US). In order to meet its yearly allowed production capacity of 750,000 metric tons per year (MTPY), the plant began manufacturing activities at the beginning of 2022.

In April 2022, The US city of Demopolis welcomed the opening of a new pellet facility by Drax Group PLC. Every year, the plant turns sawmill wastes like sawdust, chips, and shavings into sustainable biomass pellets.


Biomass Pellets Market Report Segmentation



By Source

  • Agricultural Residue Waste
  • Forest Wood Waste
  • Virgin Lumber
  • Food Waste
  • Energy Crops
  • Industrial Waste
  • Others

By Application

  • Pellet Stove
  • Pellet Boilers
  • Free-Standing Stoves
  • Animal Bedding
  • Combined Heat and Power (CHP)
  • Commercial Heating
  • Residential Heating
  • Power Generation
  • Others


By Geography

  • North America (USA, and Canada)
  • Europe (UK, Germany, France, Italy, Spain, Russia and Rest of Europe)
  • Asia Pacific (Japan, China, India, Australia, Southeast Asia and Rest of Asia Pacific)
  • Latin America (Brazil, Mexico, and Rest of Latin America)
  • Middle East & Africa (South Africa, GCC, and Rest of Middle East & Africa)

Customization Scope

  • Available upon request


  • Available upon request


Objectives of the Study

The objectives of the study are summarized in 5 stages. They are as mentioned below:

  • Global Biomass Pellets Market Size and Forecast:

To identify and estimate the market size for the global biomass pellets market segmented by source, by application, region and by value (in U.S. dollars). Also, to understand the consumption/ demand created by consumers of biomass pellets between 2019 and 2032.

  • Market Landscape and Trends:

To identify and infer the drivers, restraints, opportunities, and challenges for the global biomass pellets market

  • Market Influencing Factors:

To find out the factors which are affecting the sales of biomass pellets among consumers

  • Impact of COVID-19:

To identify and understand the various factors involved in the global biomass pellets market affected by the pandemic

  • Company Profiling:

To provide a detailed insight into the major companies operating in the market. The profiling will include the financial health of the company's past 2-3 years with segmental and regional revenue breakup, product offering, recent developments, SWOT analysis, and key strategies.

Intended Audience

  • Energy Industry Professionals
  • Investors and Financial Institutions
  • Commercial and Industrial Users
  • Residential Consumers
  • Environmental Organizations and NGOs
  • Governments, Associations, and Industrial Bodies
  • Investors and Trade Experts

Research Methodology

Our research methodology has always been the key differentiating reason which sets us apart in comparison from the competing organizations in the industry. Our organization believes in consistency along with quality and establishing a new level with every new report we generate; our methods are acclaimed and the data/information inside the report is coveted. Our research methodology involves a combination of primary and secondary research methods. Data procurement is one of the most extensive stages in our research process. Our organization helps in assisting the clients to find the opportunities by examining the market across the globe coupled with providing economic statistics for each and every region.  The reports generated and published are based on primary & secondary research. In secondary research, we gather data for global Market through white papers, case studies, blogs, reference customers, news, articles, press releases, white papers, and research studies. We also have our paid data applications which includes hoovers, Bloomberg business week, Avention, and others.

Data Collection

Data collection is the process of gathering, measuring, and analyzing accurate and relevant data from a variety of sources to analyze market and forecast trends. Raw market data is obtained on a broad front. Data is continuously extracted and filtered to ensure only validated and authenticated sources are considered. Data is mined from a varied host of sources including secondary and primary sources.

Primary Research

After the secondary research process, we initiate the primary research phase in which we interact with companies operating within the market space. We interact with related industries to understand the factors that can drive or hamper a market. Exhaustive primary interviews are conducted. Various sources from both the supply and demand sides are interviewed to obtain qualitative and quantitative information for a report which includes suppliers, product providers, domain experts, CEOs, vice presidents, marketing & sales directors, Type & innovation directors, and related key executives from various key companies to ensure a holistic and unbiased picture of the market. 

Secondary Research

A secondary research process is conducted to identify and collect information useful for the extensive, technical, market-oriented, and comprehensive study of the market. Secondary sources include published market studies, competitive information, white papers, analyst reports, government agencies, industry and trade associations, media sources, chambers of commerce, newsletters, trade publications, magazines, Bloomberg BusinessWeek, Factiva, D&B, annual reports, company house documents, investor presentations, articles, journals, blogs, and SEC filings of companies, newspapers, and so on. We have assigned weights to these parameters and quantified their market impacts using the weighted average analysis to derive the expected market growth rate.

Top-Down Approach & Bottom-Up Approach

In the top – down approach, the Global Batteries for Solar Energy Storage Market was further divided into various segments on the basis of the percentage share of each segment. This approach helped in arriving at the market size of each segment globally. The segments market size was further broken down in the regional market size of each segment and sub-segments. The sub-segments were further broken down to country level market. The market size arrived using this approach was then crosschecked with the market size arrived by using bottom-up approach.

In the bottom-up approach, we arrived at the country market size by identifying the revenues and market shares of the key market players. The country market sizes then were added up to arrive at regional market size of the decorated apparel, which eventually added up to arrive at global market size.

This is one of the most reliable methods as the information is directly obtained from the key players in the market and is based on the primary interviews from the key opinion leaders associated with the firms considered in the research. Furthermore, the data obtained from the company sources and the primary respondents was validated through secondary sources including government publications and Bloomberg.

Market Analysis & size Estimation

Post the data mining stage, we gather our findings and analyze them, filtering out relevant insights. These are evaluated across research teams and industry experts. All this data is collected and evaluated by our analysts. The key players in the industry or markets are identified through extensive primary and secondary research. All percentage share splits, and breakdowns have been determined using secondary sources and verified through primary sources. The market size, in terms of value and volume, is determined through primary and secondary research processes, and forecasting models including the time series model, econometric model, judgmental forecasting model, the Delphi method, among Flywheel Energy Storage. Gathered information for market analysis, competitive landscape, growth trends, product development, and pricing trends is fed into the model and analyzed simultaneously.

Quality Checking & Final Review

The analysis done by the research team is further reviewed to check for the accuracy of the data provided to ensure the clients’ requirements. This approach provides essential checks and balances which facilitate the production of quality data. This Type of revision was done in two phases for the authenticity of the data and negligible errors in the report. After quality checking, the report is reviewed to look after the presentation, Type and to recheck if all the requirements of the clients were addressed.

Frequently Asked Questions

The global biomass pellets market forecast period is 2024 - 2032.
According to biomass pellets market research, the market is expected to grow at a CAGR of ~5.7% over the coming years.
Asia-Pacific is expected to register the highest CAGR during 2024 - 2032.
Asia-Pacific held the largest share in 2023.
The major players operating in the global biomass pellets market include Buhler AG, International WoodFuels LLC, Enviva, Forest Energy Corporation, Energex Corporation, Sumitomo Corporation, New England Wood Pellet, Drax Group plc, Pinnacle Renewable Energy Inc., ANVIETPHAT ,and various others.

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